- Centre for Communicable Disease (CDC) (2002) Physical Activity Handbook
- The Community Toolbox
- NHS Scotland and Evaluation Support Scotland (2009) Addressing the Challenges for Evaluation and Learning in Community-Led Health
- Evaluation Support Scotland Evaluation Guides
- Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2005) Evaluating Community Projects A Practical Guide
- WK Kellogg Foundation (1998) Evaluation Handbook
- Paul Hamlyn Foundation in association with NIACE (2007) Evaluation Resource Pack
- The Charities Evaluation Services Making Connections: Using a Theory of Change to Develop Planning and Evaluation
- The World Bank Impact Evaluation in Practice
- Big Lottery Fund (2006) Explaining the difference your project makes – A BIG Guide to using an outcomes approach
Diet and Physical Activity Measurement (DAPA) Toolkit
Review of Dietary Assessment Methods in the UK
The National Obesity Observatory (England) analyses, signposts and reports on obesity and related surveillance data, developing tools, and producing guidance around evaluation.
The tools to measure dietary intake can help provide indicators of nutritional status – either to measure trends in populations, or to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions.
Technical details are provided on the reliability and validity of these tools where available and it can be used to allow public health practitioners to assess which tool may be most appropriate. A supplement provides complete copies of those questionnaires that are publicly available although permissions for questionnaire use may still be required. Dietary Assessment Tools from the UK and outside the UK are discussed.
For more information visit the National Obesity Observatory Website.
CoRE is divided into the following sections:
• Standard Evaluation Framework
• Evaluation guidance
• Evaluation reports
• Evaluation websites.
In comparison SF12 is a shorter 1 page survey which has been shown to yield summary physical and mental health outcome scores that are interchangeable with those from the SF-36 in both general and specific populations. It reproduces the eight-scale profile with fewer levels than SF-36 scales and yields less precise scores. For large group studies, these differences are not as important, because confidence intervals for group averages in health scores are largely determined by sample size.
The advantages of these forms are that they are easy to administer and have been widely researched being found to yield reliable results across a range of populations.
However, the data produced is self reported and there may be lower levels of completion in some groups. A trained administrator with an understanding of the screening and data processing is advised as the analysis can be complex particularly when large numbers of people are involved. Many academic institutions have the expertise and the necessary statistical support packages though this is a service that if available, is likely to incur administration costs.
These forms are free and available under license from The Medical Outcomes Trust (MOT), Health Assessment Lab (HAL) and QualityMetric Incorporated, co-copyright holders of the SF-36 and SF-12 Health Surveys. To obtain a license to use the forms it is necessary to complete and submit the License Application Form available from the website. In addition, these instruments have a number of versions and it is important to use the appropriate analysis tool for the right version. There are books available that will be necessary to guide both the application and analysis of the tool.
International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)
The questionnaires can be downloaded from www.ipaq.ki.se/downloads.htm.
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
It can be downloaded from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology website .
Food and Activities Diary
A sample diary is available from the British Dietetic Association Weightwise Website.
Food Frequency Questionnaires
For further information about the use of food frequency questionnaires access
Standard Evaluation Framework for Weight Management Interventions
The National Obesity Observatory was established to provide a single point of contact in England for wide ranging authoritative information on data and evidence related to obesity, overweight, underweight and their determinants. The observatory works with a range of organisations and supports policy makers and practitioners involved in obesity and related issues. The observatory received core funding from the Department of Health in April 2008 as part of the Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives strategy.
In this document, the term weight management intervention refers to any intervention that sets out to manage or reduce body weight, including primary prevention. This includes projects focusing on diet, physical activity, or both. It is intended to be applicable to a range of approaches including interventions conducted with individuals, groups, and in clinical or community settings.
The SEF outlines the basic principles of evaluating weight management interventions and the key evaluation challenges. Furthermore, it presents a simple table showing the key essential and desirable criteria recommended for evaluating weight management interventions with a guide to using the table, and an explanation of each criterion.
For more information or to download the standard evaluation framework visit the National Obesity Observatory Website.
Evaluation data collection tool –
A Toolkit for the Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Exercise Referral Schemes
Green Exercise – ‘The Natural Health Service’ Evaluation Toolkit Guidance
The toolkit is designed to capture the health, wellbeing and physical activity impacts of green exercise projects, programmes and activities.
The Toolkit is also designed to help people understand how they can engage with the natural environment and promote a healthier lifestyle. The Toolkit can be used to evaluate projects, programmes and activities that engage with the least active sections of population and where access to the natural environment is restricted in the attempt to reduce health inequalities.
For more information please contact David Brooks, Health Challenge Wales Development Officer at Groundwork Wales on 01443 845033.